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Decree of the Establishment of the National Council for Women
Decree of the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt Number 90 of year 2000
Having taken note of the Constitution, the President of the Republic

Has decreed:

Article One

  • A National Council for Women shall be established under the President of the Republic. It shall have a moral character and its seat shall be in Cairo.
Article Two
  • The Council shall consist of thirty members comprising public figures and experts in women affairs and social work. The term of membership shall be three years, subject to renewal.
  • The Council shall be created by a Presidential Decree.
  • The Council, at its first meeting, shall elect its President
Article Three
  • The mandate of the National Council for Women shall be the following:To propose public policy matters for society and its constitutional institutions on development and empowerment of women to enable them  to play their economic role, and to integrate their efforts in comprehensive development programmes.
  • To draft a National Plan for the advancement of women and to solve their problems.
  • To monitor and evaluate the general policies related to women and formulate its recommendations and observations to the concerned parties.
  • To advise on the draft laws and decrees related to women before submission to the competent authorities. Recommend the adoption of proposed laws and decrees that contribute to reinforcing the enhancement of women status.
  • To advise on all agreements relating to women.
  • To represent women in international fora and organizations dealing with women's issues.
  • To establish a documentation center, collect information, data and research on women, and to conduct related research and studies.
  • To hold conferences, seminars, symposia and debates on women's issues.
  • To organize training sessions to raise awareness of the role, rights and duties of women.
  • To publish newsletters, magazines and other publications informing the public of the goals and functions of the Council.
  • All other issues referred to the Council by the President of the Republic.
Article Four
  • The Council shall meet upon the request of its President at least once every two months, or at the discretion of its President. The Council quorum is attained by a simple majority. Council decisions shall be adopted by a majority vote of the members present in the meeting. Should there be a tie vote, the President's vote shall break the tie.
  • The President of the Council may seek the expertise of any individual who may be invited to attend meetings discussing issues relating to the Council's mandate.
Article Five
  • The Council establishes the following Standing Committees in order to carry out its functions as stipulated in Article Three:
  • Education, Training and Scientific Research Committee
  • Health and Population Committee
  • Non-Governmental Organizations Committee.
  • Culture Committee.
  • Economic Affairs Committee.
  • Political Participation Committee
  • External Relations Committee
  • Governorates Committee
  • Legislative Committee.
  • Media and Information Committee
  • Environment Committee
  • Each Committee shall be chaired by a Council's member. The committee may seek the assistance of experts to examine any issues referred to it.
  • The Council may also appoint ad-hoc or temporary committees to carry out specific tasks requested by the Council.
Article Six
  • The National Council for Women shall have a General Secretariat headed by the Secretary-General to assist the Council in carrying out its tasks and notify the competent authorities of decisions and recommendations. The President of the Council shall appoint the Secretary-General for a three-year term, subject to renewal.
  • The Secretary-General shall be responsible for implementing the Council's decisions, the overall supervision of the General Secretariat personnel, administrative and financial affairs and also the management and organization of the work in accordance with the Council's by-laws.
Article Seven
  • The Secretary General of the Council shall represent the Council in its dealings with other parties and before the judiciary.
Article Eight
  • State institutions shall provide the Council and its Secretary General with data and statistics that are related to its functions.
Article Nine
  • The Council shall have a special budget for its revenues and expenditures. The fiscal year shall begin and end with the beginning and end of the government's fiscal year.
Article Ten
  • The resources of the Council shall consist of the following:
  • Allocations in the government's general budget
  • Donations and grants which the Council may decide to accept.
  • A special account shall be set up to collect these resources in a public sector commercial bank. The surpluses shall be carried forward at the end of each fiscal year to the budget of the following year.
Article Eleven
  • The Council shall draw up its by-laws for the organization of its work and for personnel, financial and administrative affairs.
  • This Decree shall be published in the official Journal.
  • This Decree was issued by the President of the Republic on 2 Thul'kaada, 1402 Hegira , February 8, 2000.

From the Ombuds Office

The NCW Ombudsman’s Office received a complaint from a lady, who was raped by a blacksmith from her neighborhood. After pressures by the families and neighbors, the rapist married the victim, but he maltreated her and used to assault her physically and insult her for four years. Eventually, the lady decided to submit a complaint after her husband forced her to work in adultery for his benefit. She requested to get Khula (a divorce predicated on the abandonment of her rights), as she can not bear living with him. The Ombudsman’s Office filed a legal action to get her divorced.

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The first driving license was issued to am Egyptian woman in 1929id

ولدت في أسيوط لأسرة قبطية غنية من ملاك الأرض، انضمت إلى الحركة السياسية عام 1919، وفي الرابعة والعشرين من عمرها، كانت تحتل موقعاً محورياً على الساحة السياسية والاجتماعية، بدأ نشاطها السياسي عندما شاركت في مسيرة النساء الشهيرة عام 1919، أما دورها في العمل الاجتماعي فقد بدأ مع تعرفها إلى هدى شعراوي، ثم وضع حجر الأساس للجنة سيدات الوفد المركزية، وهي لجنة أسستها مجموعة من النساء الرائدات لتعمل مع حزب الوفد من أجل استقلال مصر وتحرير المرأة، حيث قامت مجموعة من النساء يبلغ عددهن ثلاثة ألاف امرأة بعقد اجتماعهن التأسيسي التاريخي الأول في يناير 1920، وأصبحت إستر فهمي نائبة لرئيسة الجمعية، ثم انخرطت في نشاط مكثف في سبيل إنشاء جمعيات لتحسين وضع المرأة الاجتماعي، وقامت بكتابة عدة مقالات في هذا المجال للصحف المختلفة. وقامت إستر في الفترة ما بين عامي 1922 – 1926 بمراسلات طويلة وجريئة ومتواصلة مع اللورد اللنبي – المندوب السامي البريطاني في مصر حينذاك، وقد حددت في مراسلاتها بدقة شديدة القضايا الملحة في تلك الفترة، وهي عودة سعد زغلول من منفاه، واستقلال مصر عن بريطانيا، والأفراج عن المعتقلين المصريين. قامت في عام 1924 بتأسيس جمعية العمل من أجل مصر، التي كان من ضمن أهدافها العديدة مساعدة  النساء الفقيرات لتمكينهن من الاعتماد على أنفسهن، وقد واصلت الجمعية عملها منذ إنشائها وحتى عام 1926، عندما انتقلت تبعيتها إلى وزارة الشئون الاجتماعية، وقد لعبت إستر دوراً مهماً في مؤسسة اجتماعية أخرى، منذ العشرينيات وحتى الثمانينيات من هذا القرن – وهي جمعية الشابات المسيحيات، التي أخذت على عاتقها النهوض بالمرأة والفتاة وتعزيز دورها، بصرف النظر عن عوامل الدين والطبقة الاجتماعية لقد استخدمت قلمها ومعرفتها وإجادتها لثلاث لغات للتعبير عن رفضها للوضع القائم، ودافعت في سبيل تحقيق هدفين هما التحرر من الاستعمار الأجنبي والتحرر من القيود المفروضة على المرأة، وفي عام 1936، كتبت اليانور روزفلت في إحدى المجلات الأمريكية تعليقاً على إستر ويصا: أعتقد أن النساء في كل مكان يشعرن بوجود علاقة وطيدة تربطهن بها من حيث الاهتمامات والمثل العليا المشتركة وفي عام 1969، تم تكريم إستر لدورها البارز في حركة 1919 النضالية ومنحت وسام الكمال، وذلك في احتفال بذكرى حركة تحرير المرأة.

المصدر: 1- رسائل الذاكرة – ملتقى المرأة والذاكرة: نادية الجندي

2- موسوعة المرأة عبر العصور، المجلد الأول

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